Recovering History, Constructing Race: The Indian, Black, and White Roots of Mexican Americans (Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long Series in Latin American and Latino Art and Culture)

Recovering History, Constructing Race: The Indian, Black, and White Roots of Mexican Americans (Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long Series in Latin American and Latino Art and Culture)

UPSC Mains - GS1 English History
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Description
    The history of Mexican Americans is a history of the intermingling of races - Indian, White, and Black. This racial history underlies a legacy of racial discrimination against Mexican Americans and their Mexican ancestors that stretches from the Spanish conquest to current battles over ending affirmative action and other assistance programs for ethnic minorities. Asserting the centrality of race in Mexican American history, Martha Menchaca here offers the first interpretative racial history of Mexican Americans, focusing on racial foundations and race relations from pre-Hispanic times to the present. Menchaca uses the concept of racialisation to describe the process through which Spanish, Mexican, and U.S. authorities constructed racial status hierarchies that marginalised Mexicans of colour and restricted their rights of land ownership. She traces this process from the Spanish colonial period and the introduction of slavery through racial laws affecting Mexican Americans into the late twentieth century. This re-viewing of familiar history through the lens of race recovers Blacks as important historical actors, links Indians and the mission system in the Southwest to the Mexican American present, and reveals the legal and illegal means by which Mexican Americans lost their land grants. Martha Menchaca is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin.
Summary
Category - UPSC
Subcategory - Mains - GS1
Language - English
Subject - History
Posted by - Gidigi Nithin
Posted on - 29 Nov, 2020
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